Most children with special educational needs will get the support they need from their local school. If you as a parent, school or professional have concerns about a child's development, his or her teacher should follow a step-by-step process to provide them with extra support. During school years the 2 stages of assessment are school action and school action plus.
At each of these stages the special educational needs coordinator (SENCO) at your child's school will help to monitor their progress and will draw up an Individual Education Plan (IEP) which should be reviewed regularly - ideally every term. The SENCO will also work with other professionals to get the right package of support for your child. As a parent you should play an important part in developing the IEP, and your child's views should also be considered.
The school stages of graduated response are:
If your child needs additional support, his or her school may make an arrangement with the SENCO to provide extra help. This support will be provided within the school, and with school resources.
School Action Plus
If your child's school cannot meet his or her needs they may request additional support, for example from a physiotherapist, a speech and language therapist or an educational psychologist.
My son has had some excellent teachers at school who have really cared about him, which has been a great help.
For some children, these stages will provide enough support to meet their educational needs. However, in some cases you as a parent, the school or a professional may decide your child should receive a statutory assessment to provide for their needs more fully. After the assessment, the authority will decide whether to issue a statement, a document that describes in detail what support your child should receive and what help will be provided for them.